- Bushy or straggly shrub, branchlets more or less angled at extremities, smooth or hairy. Bark is smooth, grey to brown.
- Size: commonly to 2.5m high
- Leaves: has phyllodes (flattened leaf stalks) that are rounded, usually asymmetric 0.4–1.5cm long and 2–8mm wide, hairy or smooth. Leaf midrib (large midline vein) is obscure or absent, lateral veins also absent.
- Flowers: bright yellow ball-shaped inflorescences (clusters flowers arranged on a stem) that form in patterns of 5 (5-emerous). Flowers appear in late winter and spring and into early summer (July to November).
- Fruits/seeds: Pods twisted or spirally coiled, slightly raised over seeds. Seeds longitudinal, more or less oblong and shiny dark brown.
What to Observe
- First fully open single flower (each ‘flower ball’ is actually a cluster of 40-80 flowers!)
- Full flowering (record all days)
- End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)
- No flowering
- Open Seed pods (record all days)
ClimateWatch Science Advisor
We expect plants to start shooting and flowering earlier in the year as a result of climate change warming the Earth. They may also start appearing in new areas, as warmer temperatures enable them to live in environments that were previously too cold for them. Help scientists answer the question: "How are our animals, plants and ecosystems responding to climate change?"
When To Look
- From autumn throughout spring and early summer
- Flowering usually August–October.
- Seed pods appear after flowers
Note: ClimateWatch is looking for any changes in the timing of these events so remember to keep a lookout from late February!
Where To Look
In the understorey of open forest or woodland and in open scrub formations in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.
Note: ClimateWatch is looking for any changes outside of their known ranges so remember to keep a lookout beyond these regions too!
Did You Know?
- They are tolerant of drought and frost.
- A flower in an inflorescence, like wattle flowers, are referred to as ‘florets’