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An initiative of Earthwatch Institute

  1. Dsc00323 Moonah trees, Barwon Bluff, N Roslan
  2. Dsc00321 Moonah leaves and pods, N Roslan
  3. M.lanceolata-flickrcc-kevin-thiele Moonah flowers, FlickrCC, Kevin Thiele

Moonah

Melaleuca lanceolata

Appearance

Shrub or small tree to 10 m high with hard, rough bark, dark grey bark on a trunk that is often twisted and bent by the effects of wind. Bark hard, fissured, rarely slightly papery or flaking.

Leaves are arranged alternately, linear to narrow-elliptic, 5–15 mm long, 1–3 mm wide.

Flowers white or cream coloured and arranged in many-flowered spikes 2–4 cm long.

What to Observe

•First fully open single flower

•Full flowering (more than 50% of flowers are open)

•End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)

•Not flowering

•Open Seed Pods

•No fruits/seed/pods

 

ClimateWatch Science Advisor

We expect plants to start shooting and flowering earlier in the year as a result of climate change warming the Earth. They may also start appearing in new areas, as warmer temperatures enable them to live in environments that were previously too cold for them.

When To Look

Throughout the year.

  • Flowers mainly appear in summer months
  • Fruits appear after flowers
  • Mature seed capsules are maintained on plants throughout the year

Where To Look

NSW, QLD, VIC, SA, WA. It is found along coastal dune systems and drainage lines. Also grows in mallee or open woodland communities on clayey soils; widespread in drier areas. 

Sightings

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  1. Did You Know?

    The Moonah tree helps stabilise and protect coastal dune systems, preventing erosion. 

     

    Moonah trees are often twisted into unusual shapes, may range in height and live for around 300 years.