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  1. 114 Photo by William Archer
  2. 114_0 Photo by William Archer
  3. 114_1 Photo by Rich Weatherill
  4. 114 Full flowering photo by Rich Weatherill

WA Christmas Tree

Nuytsia floribunda


  • Tree or shrub.  Root parasite.
  • Size: up to 10 m high.
  • Leaves: Long thin leaves.
  • Flowers: Orange with more stamens than petals.
  • Fruit/seed: Dry, papery, winged fruit.

What to Observe

  • First fully open single flower
  • Full flowering (record all days)
  • End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)

ClimateWatch Science Advisor

We expect plants to start shooting and flowering earlier in the year as a result of climate change warming the Earth. They may also start appearing in new areas, as warmer temperatures enable them to live in environments that were previously too cold for them.

When To Look

  • Present all year
  • Flowering typically from October to January

Where To Look

  • South Western Australia
  • Sandplains, slopes, base of rock outcrops
  • Look in areas with grey or yellow sand, sandy loams, brown sandy gravel over clay, granite, laterite, limestone. 

WA Christmas Bush Occurrence Map ALA



Nevill et al. 2005. Guide to the Wildlife of the Perth Region. Simon Nevill Publications, Perth, Western Australia.

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  1. Did You Know?

    The West Australian Christmas Tree (Nuytsia floribunda) is the largest mistletoe in the world and the only one that grows in the ground rather than on the stems of plants.  The clasping roots of the Christmas tree have even been known to invade PVC-wrapped telephone cables.


    The Latin name Nuytsia comes from Pieter Nuyts.  Nuyts was a member of the Council of Dutch Indies and a 17th century explorer in the South Western Australia.