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  1. 119_2 Photo by Rich Weatherill
  2. 119 Photo by Rich Weatherill
  3. 119_0 Photo by Colleen Carson
  4. 119_1 Photo by Rich Weatherill
  5. 165_gladiolus_caryophyllaceus_seed_pod_colleen_carson-cropped Open seed pod by Colleen Carson

Wild Gladiolus

Gladiolus caryophyllaceus


  • Erect herb.
  • Size: Up to 0.84 m high.
  • Leaves: Twisted broad leaf blades 8 – 70 cm long, 1 – 2 cm wide.  Hairy near the base.
  • Flowers: Pink and irregular in a finger like spike at the end of stems. 
  • Fruit/seed: fruit is a non-fleshy capsule that is 2 – 3.5 cm long and 2.2 cm wide.  

What to Observe

  • First fully open single flower
  • Full flowering (record all days)
  • End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)

ClimateWatch Science Advisor

We expect plants to start shooting and flowering earlier in the year as a result of climate change warming the Earth. Introduced weeds may also start appearing in new areas, as warmer temperatures enable them to live in environments that were previously too cold for them.

When To Look

  • Twisted leaves can been seen sprouting from the ground all year.
  • Flowering is between August to October

Where To Look

  • Introduced weed found in Western Australia.  Native distribution in South Africa.
  • Ranges from north of Perth, inland to Albany Highway, south to Mandurah.
  • Also found near Dunsborough.
  • Look among tall – medium trees and shrubs.

Wild Gladiolus Occurrence Map ALA



Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd, S.G. (1997). Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. (Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia)

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  1. What Else?

    Differs from other Gladiolus species in its twisted leaves and hairy leaf bases.