Grey Fantail Nadiah Roslan

Grey Fantail

Rhipidura albiscapa

Did You Know?

  • Its average weight is only 9 grams
  • The Grey Fantail was once divided into ten separate races, five of which occurred in Australia with the remainder in New Zealand, New Guinea and eastern Indonesia. These have now been broken up into four separate species, the Grey Fantail, Mangrove Grey Fantail, Northern Fantail and New Zealand Fantail, all of which can be seen in different parts of Australia
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Its head and upperparts are mostly dark grey, with a white eyebrow and throat, a narrow grey band across the upper breast and a creamy-buff belly. The feathers of its long tail have white edges and tips, and the tail is often fanned out.

Size

14 – 16 cm long

Behaviour

Call

Tinkling whistles and squeaks, which may be repeated to develop a song.

Diet

Flying insects, which are caught in the air by chasing them, usually after launching from the edge of foliage of trees or shrubs. Insects may be caught at all levels of the canopy.

Movement

Agile but erratic flight with characteristic aerial twists and turns which make it easy to recognise. Many populations appear to undertake seasonal movements, with some migrating north during autumn and winter, and others moving to lower elevations during the cooler months.

Breeding

Both parents build the nest in the narrow fork of a tree, 2–5 metres above the ground; it is made of fine grass held together with spider webs. The bottom of the nest may have a long, tapering stem resembling a wine glass. Two or three spotted, pale buff eggs are laid and then incubated both parents for 14 days. Then both parents feed the chicks for 12 days, after which the young fledge.

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What to Observe

  • Courting/Mating

  • Calling

  • Feeding

  • Bird on chicks

  • Bird on eggs

  • Bird on nest

  • Bird feeding young

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When and Where

When To Look

From July to January for breeding behaviour. During autumn and winter for migratory birds.

Where To Look

  • Throughout much of eastern and western Australia, and also in central regions
  • In most treed habitats, including forests, woodlands and coastal scrub
  • It also visits urban gardens
  • Look in forests and woodlands, and also in trees and shrubs of urban gardens, especially during autumn–winter migration
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Similar Species

Willie Wagtail (Rhipidura leucophrys) is slightly larger, and is black and white, lacking the shades of grey on its body and wings; it lacks a white patch on its throat and white edging and tips to its tail feathers.

Northern Fantail (Rhipidura rufiventris) is larger with a larger, broader bill. It seldom fans its tail and is generally much less restless. Its breast band is overlain with pale streaks.

Rufous Fantail (Rhipidura rufifrons) has an orange-red forehead, back, rump and base of tail and rump, and a mottled, scaly pattern on its breast.

Mangrove Grey Fantail (Rhipidura phasiana) is very similar but is generally paler, looking like a “washed-out” Grey Fantail, and is exclusively confined to mangroves in northern Australia, where Grey Fantails rarely occur.